Αρχείο ετικέτας greek churches

The secret acoustics of Byzantine Churches

The ways in which sound and space interact can determine the shape of a musical form.The sonic intentions of architecture are often lost over the centuries. In 2014, a team of researchers investigated the acoustics of Byzantine churches in Thessaloniki, Greece, to retrieve some of that design through sound mapping.

Adrienne LaFrance further explored their process of sound mapping Byzantine churches, in which a “chirp” is used to test different parts of the church, with the data inputted to a computer. She adds that “where it gets really interesting” is “once you have a building’s impulse response, you can apply it to a recording captured in another space and make it sound as though that recording had taken place in the original building.” Here’s a video from Kyriakakis that demonstrates the “chirp” test:

In that video and in the audio recording above, chanters in a studio had the audio characteristics of these churches applied to their voices, recreating the sounds that filled the spaces in the early Christian centuries. As another member of the team, James Donahue—Professor of Music Production and Engineering at Berklee College of Music—discovered, the churches had been acoustically designed to produce specific sound effects. “It wasn’t just about the architecture,” says Donahue, “they had these big jugs that were put up there to sip certain frequencies out of the air… They built diffusion, a way to break up the sound waves… They were actively trying to tune the space.” In addition, the builders “discovered something that we call slap echo. [In the ancient world], they described it as the sound of angels’ wings.”

The project not only allows art historians to enter the past, but it also preserves that past far into the future, creating what LaFrance calls a “museum of lost sound.” After all, the churches themselves will eventually recede into history. “Some of these buildings may not exist later,” says Kyriakakis, “Some of these historic buildings are being destroyed.” With immersive video and audio technology, we will still be able to experience much of their grandeur long after they’re gone.

Source: http://hyperallergic.com/279695/an-acoustic-museum-of-byzantine-sound/

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Greek Orthodox Churches as seen by Travelers of the 18th-19th century/Ελληνικές εκκλησίες και μοναστήρια από τα βιβλία περιηγητών του 18ου-19ου αιώνα

Κατά τις περιηγήσεις τους στην Ελλάδα και την Ανατολή οι ξένοι ταξιδιώτες του 18ου-19ου αιώνα βρέθηκαν και σε σημαντικά ιερά προσκυνήματα. Οι σχεδιαστές εμπνεύστηκαν από αυτά για να τα απεικονίσουν στα βιβλία. Λίγα από τα σχέδια αυτά μπορούμε να δούμε παρακάτω:

During their tours to Greece and East, foreign travelers of the18th to 19th century were found in important places of pilgrimage. The designers escorting them were inspired by these magnificent churches to depict them in the books. Few of these drawings can be seen below:

Σπήλαιο της Αποκαλύψεως, Πάτμος, Tournefort,1717
Μονή Μεγασπηλιάς, Πελοπόννησος, W.Gell, 1823
Ithome Peloponnese, Wordsworth, Christopher , 1853
Wordsworth, Christopher 1853
Tripolitza, Wordsworth, Christopher 1853
Wordsworth, Christopher 1853
Heuzey, León Alexandre Le mont Olympe et l’Acarnanie 1860

 

Εκκλησία στην Άρτα, Poucqueville FCHL, 1826

 

Η μονή της Πάτμου, Choisseul-Gouffier, 1782
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Σπήλαιο της Αποκαλύψεως, Choisseul-Gouffier, 1782
scene on the Inachos near Argos, Wodsworth C, 1853

 

Wordsworth, Christopher 1853

A Visit to Monasteries in the Levant by Robert Curzon Published 1852